Solar Water Heating: Case Study
Solar Water Heating for a Family
Mehdi and his family have installed an evacuated tube solar water heating system on the roof of their house. It produces around half the hot water they need over the course of a year.
Tapping the sun
Mehdi and his partner decided to install a solar water heating system on the roof of their three storey house in Wales to reduce both their energy bills and their carbon footprint. Their system provides around half the hot water they need over the course of a year, is fully automated and integrated with their existing gas boiler so that they always have enough hot water, whatever the season or the weather.
On their slate roof, Mehdi and his family installed an evacuated tube solar water heating collector with 30 evacuated glass tubes. Evacuated tube collectors can reach higher water temperatures than traditional flat plate solar collectors and work more efficiently on days when it is sunny but cold. However, they are more visible than flat plate collectors and can often be a bit more expensive.
The collector is connected to a twin coil hot water cylinder with two heating coils – one connected to the solar panel, another to the gas boiler. In Mehdi’s house, the cylinder and the pump that connects it to the solar collector is hidden away in a cupboard in the bathroom. The controller, which measures the temperature in the collector and in the cylinder and switches on the solar water heating pump when necessary, is mounted in the kitchen as Mehdi likes to check how much hot water the system produces.
No need for cold showers
As their hot water cylinder has two heating coils and is connected to both the solar water heating system and their gas boiler, Mehdi and his family don’t have to rely on the sun for their hot water. However, during the summer months the sun heats almost all their hot water. Mehdi estimates that in summer 90% is produced by the solar panels and the gas only has to be switched on occasionally for a short boost. During spring and autumn, some days will be sunny enough for the solar panels to produce all the required hot water.
When we visited Mehdi in early March, temperatures were still very low at night and there was still snow on the tops of the Welsh hills, but as it was a sunny day the evacuated tubes on his roof were producing water at temperatures of more than 40 degrees C. A lot of the time the gas boiler will have to be switched on during spring and autumn to make sure the water is hot enough. However, because the solar water heating panels will have pre-heated the water, less gas is required. Mehdi says he needs around half as much gas during spring and autumn as he would without solar panels. During the winter months the solar water heating system produces very little hot water and Mehdi and his family rely almost entirely on gas. Over the course of the whole year, Mehdi estimates that the solar panels produce around half the hot water the family needs.
Costs and benefits
The full cost of their system was around £3,000, which is typical for a domestic system in the UK. At the time, Mehdi and his family received around £1,400 in grants.
The grant system has since been replaced by the Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI). Under this new scheme, owners of solar water heating systems can expect annual incentive payments of several £100 per year – see our page on financial support for solar water heating for more details). In addition, there are of course savings in energy bills.
Mehdi doesn’t know how much higher his gas bills would be without solar panels, but a typical system will save £30-£60 per year if you normally use gas to heat your water – and up to 4 times as much if you use electricity to heat your water. In addition, there are of course environmental benefits. In Mehdi’s case, using solar water heating probably avoids greenhouse gas emissions of between 200kg and 500kg of CO2 every year.